With their notable bulgy eyes and squashed faces, Pugs are at a high risk for eye problems. The most serious condition is their eyes popping out, which can happen when they get into an accident or a fight with another dog. They can also be affected by hemivertebrae and Pug dog encephalitis.
The popular Labrador Retriever is extremely prone to cancer and muscle degeneration, along with a myriad of bone disorders. Leaving aside all these health issues, the Labrador Retriever is a highly affectionate addition to families with children.
The Rottweiler, like other large breeds, is prone to a variety of joint problems, including hip and elbow dysplasia, arthritis, and osteochondrosis. Keeping a balanced diet and a regular exercise habit may help maintain a Rottweiler's healthy joints. If you plan on getting a Rottweiler, be sure to monitor his bone health regularly.
It's no surprise that this breed made the list, considering that Basset Hounds are known for their irregularly-shaped torsos and small, short legs. The breeding practices that make the Basset Hound so desirable unfortunately have led to a slew of genetic diseases, such as bloat, blood disorders, entropion/ectropion eyelid and eyelash deformities.
For a Basset Hound owner, conducting regular blood test and eye tests is key to keep your dog's long-term health.
Golden Retrievers are incredibly likely to develop cancer, which is why they are called "The Cancer Retriever" by many veterinarians. Like German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers are also subjected to hip and elbow dysplasia and are predisposed to cataracts, and even allergies.
Much like other similarly sized breeds, German Shepherds are susceptible to hip and elbow dysplasia on top of cataracts, cardiomyopathy, pyotraumatic dermatitis, von Willebrand disease, and skin allergies.
Many of these issues are caused by inbreeding or other improper breeding strategies to maintain the purebred look. If your German Shepherd is mixed with another dog breed, these risks are diminished greatly.
Saint Bernards have a shorter average lifespan than other dog breeds of similar size, less than 10 years. An Abnormality in the heart muscles, known as cardiomyopathy, can be fatal for this breed. As for non-fatal health issues, they can suffer from hip and elbow dysplasia, osteochondritis, entropion/ectropion/distichiasis, and diabetes.
If you own a Saint Bernard or are considering taking one home, it is advisable to get regular checkups for him.
Poodles are highly energetic, intelligent, and easy to train. Most of the health problems that arise with them are eye-related, such as cataracts, glaucoma, and progressive retinal atrophy. Other health issues to look out for are Legg-Perthes disease, patellar luxation, sebaceous adenitis, and epilepsy.
If you decide to get a Poodle, make sure your Poodle's health is in tip-top shape with proper veterinary care.
The bulldog, which can suffer from a variety of health issues, is regarded as "the most extreme example of genetic manipulation", due to the brachycephalic nature of their flat little faces.
Among the major issues are canine hip dysplasia, elongated soft palate, internalized tail, keratoconjunctivitis sicca, shoulder luxation, and stenotic nares. Minor issues include cherry eye, cleft lip and a condition which leads to ingrown eyelids and thus eye problems.
If you are willing to monitor its health with regular check-ups, a Bulldog may still be the right dog for you!
At the top of the list is the friendly Cocker Spaniel, which has the highest number of health concerns. While known to have a large number of orthopaedic issues, Cocker Spaniels can also have epilepsy, liver disease, heart issues like cardiomyopathy, and vision problems including progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, and glaucoma.
Because of the all-encompassing nature of these health defects, it is highly recommended that a Cocker Spaniel owner should not only have prior experience with dogs, but be willing to conduct regular exercise and routine health tests.